ZhETF, Vol. 149,
p. 786 (April 2016)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 122, No. 4,
available online at www.springer.com
Viscous coupled fluids in inflationary cosmology
Brevik I., Timoshkin A.V.
Received: September 3, 2015
We consider the inflation produced by two coupled fluids in a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe. Different cosmological models for describing inflation with the use of an inhomogeneous equation of state for the fluid are investigated. The gravitational equations for energy and matter are solved, and analytic representations for the Hubble parameter and the energy density are obtained. Corrections to the energy density for matter inducing the inflation and the coupling to energy are discussed. We analyze the description of inflation induced by nonconstant equation-of-state parameters from fluid viscosity. The correspondence between the spectral index and the tensor-to-scalar ratio recently observed by the Planck satellite is considered.