ZhETF, Vol. 132,
p. 1052 (November 2007)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 105, No. 5,
available online at www.springer.com
ON THE PRODUCTION OF FLAT ELECTRON BUNCHES FOR LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATION
Kando M., Fukuda Y., Kotaki H., Koga J., Bulanov S.V., Tajima T., Chao A., Pitthan R., Schuler K.-P., Zhidkov A.G., Nemoto K.
Received: April 3, 2007
PACS: 52.38.Kd, 41.75.Jv, 52.38.Hb, 52.38.-r
We suggest a novel method for injection of electrons into the acceleration phase of particle accelerators, producing low-emittance beams appropriate even for the demanding high-energy linear collider specifications. We discuss the injection mechanism into the acceleration phase of the wakefield in a plasma behind a high-intensity laser pulse, which takes advantage of the laser polarization and focusing. The scheme uses the structurally stable regime of transverse wakewave breaking, when electron trajectory self-intersection leads to the formation of a flat electron bunch. As shown in three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of the interaction of a laser pulse elongated in a transverse direction with an underdense plasma, the electrons injected via the transverse wakewave breaking and accelerated by the wakewave perform betatron oscillations with different amplitudes and frequencies along the two transverse coordinates. The polarization and focusing geometry lead to a way to produce relativistic electron bunches with asymmetric emittance (flat beam). An approach for generating flat laser-accelerated ion beams is briefly discussed.