ЖЭТФ, Том 125,
стр. 938 (Апрель 2004)
(Английский перевод - JETP,
Vol. 98, No 4,
доступен on-line на www.springer.com
DYNAMICAL TUNNELING OF BOUND SYSTEMS THROUGH A POTENTIAL BARRIER: COMPLEX WAY TO THE TOP
Bezrukov F., Levkov D.
Поступила в редакцию: 15 Января 2003
PACS: 03.65.Sq, 03.65.-w, 03.65.Xp
A semiclassical method of complex trajectories for the calculation of the tunneling exponent in systems with many degrees of freedom is further developed. It is supplemented with an easily implementable technique that enables one to single out the physically relevant trajectory from the whole set of complex classical trajectories. The method is applied to semiclassical transitions of a bound system through a potential barrier. We find that the properties of physically relevant complex trajectories are qualitatively different in the cases of potential tunneling at low energy and dynamical tunneling at energies exceeding the barrier height. Namely, in the case of high energies, the physically relevant complex trajectories describe tunneling via creation of a state close to the top of the barrier. The method is checked against exact solutions of the Schrodinger equation in a quantum mechanical system of two degrees of freedom.