ЖЭТФ, Том 120,
стр. 986 (Октябрь 2001)
(Английский перевод - JETP,
Vol. 93, No 4,
доступен on-line на www.springer.com
THE DOUBLING OF THE ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT OF ELECTRON IN A VERY STRONG CONSTANT HOMOGENIOUS ELECTRIC FIELD
Поступила в редакцию: 18 Апреля 2001
Calculated earlier by the author , the anomalous magnetic moment (AMM) of the electron in an intense constant electric field changes nonmonotonically as the field increases, passing through a minimum and tending to the doubled Schwinger value for very strong fields. In the present paper, it is supposed that the AMM is related by the Lande factor to the angular momentum of a virtual electron accompanied by a virtual photon. This factor changes its effective value because of the influence of the external field on the motion of the virtual electron and its self-action. With the increase of the electric field, the virtual electron can successively occupy the excited states l=1, j=1/2 and l=1, j=3/2 in addition to the original state with the orbital angular momentum l=0 and the total angular momentum j=1/2. The first of these excited states decreases the AMM and the second increases and doubles it if only this state is occupied for a very strong field. The latter condition is equivalent to the alignment of the spin and the orbital angular momentum of the electron along the field, while the total angular momentum of the entire system of the virtual electron and the virtual photon remains equal to 1/2.