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ZhETF, Vol. 144, No. 3, p. 475 (September 2013)
(English translation - JETP, Vol. 117, No. 3, p. 407, September 2013 available online at )

Bulaevskii L.N., Shi-Zheng Lin

Received: March 14, 2013

DOI: 10.7868/S0044451013090046

DJVU (324.6K) PDF (754.3K)

Dedicated to the memory of Professor Anatoly Larkin} Vortices in magnetic superconductors polarize spins nonuniformly and repolarize them when moving. At a low spin relaxation rate and at low bias currents vortices carrying magnetic polarization clouds become polaron-like and their velocities are determined by the effective drag coefficient that is significantly bigger than the Bardeen-Stephen (BS) one. As the current increases, vortices release polarization clouds and the velocity as well as the voltage in the I-V characteristics jump to values corresponding to the BS drag coefficient at a critical current Jc. The nonuniform components of the magnetic field and magnetization drop as the velocity increases, resulting in weaker polarization and a discontinuous dynamic dissociation depinning transition. Experimentally, the jump shows up as a depinning transition and the corresponding current at the jump is the depinning current. As the current decreases, on the way back, vortices are retrapped by polarization clouds at the current Jrc. As a result, the polaronic effect suppresses dissipation and enhances the critical current. Borocarbides (RE)Ni2 B2 C with a short penetration length and highly polarizable rare earth spins seem to be optimal systems for a detailed study of vortex polaron formation by measuring I-V characteristics. We also propose to use a superconductor-magnet multilayer structure to study polaronic mechanism of pinning with the goal to achieve high critical currents. The magnetic layers should have large magnetic susceptibility to enhance the coupling between vortices and magnetization in magnetic layers while the relaxation of the magnetization should be slow. For Nb and a proper magnet multilayer structure, we estimate the critical current density J_c\sim 10^{9} \rm{A/m^2} at the magnetic field B\approx 1 T.

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