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ZhETF, Vol. 134, No. 2, p. 221 (August 2008)
(English translation - JETP, Vol. 107, No. 2, p. 180, August 2008 available online at )

Amusia M.Ya., Baltenkov A.S., Chernysheva L.V.

Received: February 18, 2008

PACS: 31.15.V-, 32.80.-t, 32.80.Fb

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We suggest a prominent modification of the outer shell photoionization cross section in noble gas ( NG) endohedral atoms NG@ Cn under the action of the fullerene Cn electron shell. This shell leads to two important effects: a strong enhancement of the cross section due to the fullerene shell polarization under the action of the incoming electromagnetic wave and to prominent oscillation of this cross section due to the reflection of a photoelectron from NG by the fullerene shell. Both factors lead to the formation of powerful maxima in the outer shell ionization cross sections of NG@ Cn, which we call the giant endohedral resonances. The oscillator strength reaches a very large value in the atomic scale, 25. We consider atoms of all noble gases except He. The polarization of the fullerene shell is expressed in terms of the total photoabsorption cross section of the fullerene. The photoelectron reflection is taken into account in the framework of the so-called bubble potential, which is a spherical δ-type potential. It is assumed in the derivations that NG is centrally located in the fullerene. It is also assumed, in accordance with the existing experimental data, that the fullerene radius R_{\rm{C}} is much larger than the atomic radius r_{\rm{A}} and the thickness \Delta_{\rm{C}} of the fullerene shell. As was demonstrated recently, these assumptions allow representing the NG@ Cn photoionization cross section as a product of the NG cross section and two well-defined calculated factors.

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